Type II diabetes is a chronic acquired medical condition characterized by insufficient insulin entering the bloodstream to regulate the glucose.
The disease is either caused by cells in pancreas die-off or receptor sites clog-up by fat and cholesterol.
In some cases, diabetes is also caused by allergic reactions of cells in the immune system.
The exact cause of type II diabetes is also unknown. However, some researchers suggested that the condition is most likely caused by genetic mutation and an unhealthy lifestyle.
Medication used for the treatment of diabetes is focused on alleviating the symptoms and improving quality of life, particularly, in type II diabetes in slowing down the progression of the disease.
These results suggested changes in diet and lifestyle are the most effective method in the management of type II diabetes.
Other risk factors associated with the early onset of type II diabetes include overweight or obese, age 45 or older, family history, ethnicity, Alaska Native, high blood pressure and cholesterol and women with polycystic ovary syndrome
Broccoli is a mustard/cabbage plant, belongings to the family Brassicaceae. The veggie has large flower heads, usually green in color with a mass of flower head surrounded by leaves and evolved from a wild cabbage plant from the continent of Europe.
With an aim to find a potential wholefood for the treatment of diabetes, researchers examined the effect of broccoli on type 2 diabetes.
The study included SD rats induced type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by a high-fat diet and injecting a low dose (35 mg/kg) of streptozocin were pretreated by treated broccoli extracts at a dose of 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg body weight for 28 days.
According to the tested assays at the 28-day, broccoli extracts showed an improvement in body weight, water, and food intake compared to diabetic control rats.
Based on the findings, researchers wrote in the final report, “The study demonstrated that ethanolic extract of Brassica oleracea extract has potential antidiabetic activities. Thus Brassica oleracea as a vegetable or its extract can be useful to control hyperglycemia”.